Industry Employment

Employment is measured as persons aged 15 years and above who have worked for one hour or more per week. This is the standard way the Australian Bureau of Statistics measures employment.

Employment rates should not be looked at in isolation. Unemployment together with the underemployment and the participation rate, gives a much more complete picture of a country’s labour market performance.

Underemployment measures the number of people in the workforce who are working fewer hours than they wish. The participation rate measures the labour force expressed as a percentage of the population aged 15 years and over.

High levels of part-time employment, combined with high underemployment can be an indication that there is spare capacity within the labour market (that is, there are excess workers for the number of jobs in the economy). This may be a good situation for employers as they have a larger pool of people to choose from. However, it may lead to a decline in wages growth as employees may be less willing to ask for a pay rise.

To see the employment by knowledge intensive industries, use the filters to select the following industries: mining; manufacturing; information media and telecommunications; financial and insurance; and professional, scientific and technical.

The Industry Map provides further detail on regional employment including population estimates, labour force status and industry employment.

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